When starting on a project to measure your company emissions, there are few important steps you need to cover before getting into the exciting part of actually measuring your emissions.
One of the first critical steps you need to take is setting your ‘Boundaries’. Your boundary defines the breadth and scope of the emissions that will be included in your company's inventory. By establishing clear boundaries, your company can ensure that you are accurately measuring and reporting your emissions, and this will avoid either over or underestimating your carbon footprint.
There are two types of boundaries in GHG accounting when measuring your businesses emissions: organisational, and operational.
Organisational boundaries refer to the legal and geographical limits of a company's operations eg what physical parts of your business will be included i.e. all sites
Operational boundaries refer to the specific activities and processes that generate emissions that will be included in your inventory. Eg what are my specific sources of emissions i.e. electricity.
Establishing clear boundaries is important for several reasons. First, it ensures that your company is focusing efforts on emissions sources that you have some control over. By defining the boundaries of your company, you can focus on measuring and reducing emissions from sources you can manage.
Second, setting boundaries helps your company to accurately measure and report your emissions. By clearly defining the scope of your inventory, your company can ensure that you are capturing all relevant emissions sources and avoiding double counting. This is especially important for companies that are required to report their emissions to regulatory agencies or stakeholders.
Finally, setting boundaries is important for benchmarking and goal-setting. By establishing a clear baseline for emissions and setting goals for emissions reductions, your company can track your progress over time and demonstrate your commitment to sustainability and environmental stewardship.
In summary, setting boundaries is a critical step in GHG accounting that will help your company to accurately measure and report your emissions, focus your efforts on emissions sources you can manage, and track progress towards emissions reduction goals.
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